What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease resulting in loss of bone tissue and low bone mass. Less bone tissue and bone mass can lead to fragile bones which fracture or break easily.
What Are the Causes of Osteoporosis?
Bone is living tissue that your body breaks down and replaces on a constant basis. Osteoporosis happens when the new bone formation doesn’t keep up with bone loss. If your body doesn’t produce enough new bone, or too much bone is reabsorbed osteoporosis results.
The body reabsorbs calcium stored in the bones to keep blood calcium levels at normal levels. If calcium intake is not enough or if the body doesn’t absorb enough calcium from what you eat, bone production and bone tissue can be adversely affected. That’s because your body will pull calcium from your bones if there is not enough calcium in the blood. This causes weakened, fragile bones that can break easily.
What Are the Types of Osteoporosis?
- Primary Osteoporosis: The most commonly seen type of osteoporosis is primary osteoporosis. It is observed in adults, particularly with menopausal or post-menopausal women.
- Secondary Osteoporosis: Similar symptoms result like primary osteoporosis, but the condition is due to another medical condition, such as hyperthyroidism or leukemia.
- Juvenile Osteoporosis: Two rare forms of osteoporosis can occur in children. Little or no bone growth occurs, and bone fracture chances increase.
What Are Frequent Symptoms of Osteoporosis?
In the early stages of osteoporosis, there are usually no symptoms. Once your bones have been weakened by the disease, you may see the following signs and symptoms:
- Back pain
- Fractured or collapsed vertebra
- Height loss
- Stooped or hunched over posture
- Loss of bone in the jaw
- Fracture of the hip, wrist or spine
- A bone break that occurred more easily than expected
What Are the Rare Symptoms of Osteoporosis?
- Losing Your Grip Strength: A loss of grip strength is a good indicator of osteoporosis.
- Losing Overall Fitness: A loss of overall fitness can be a sign of osteoporosis. Regular exercise can help with this, especially as you get older.
When to See Your Doctor for Osteoporosis?
See your doctor if:
- You develop severe back pain or backache without apparent injury.
- You have height loss or a stooped posture.
- You experience bone loss in the jaw, which can lead to other oral health problems.
- You break a bone after relatively mild trauma.
What is the Best Exercise for Someone with Osteoporosis?
Strength training exercises combined with weight-bearing and balance exercises are best for battling the effects of osteoporosis. Strength training helps build muscles and bones and weight-bearing activities (walking, running, climbing stairs) affect the leg, hip and spine bones. Balance exercises helps to decrease falling risks especially as you age.
How Long Can You Live with Osteoporosis?
With the right treatment, osteoporosis can be slowed, stopped, or reversed. There are some health complications because of fragile bones or bone fractures.
For expert help to prevent osteoporosis, make an appointment with Boulevard Medical Healthcare. Our team of doctors are highly experienced and committed to providing the best care.