Man with heart pain

Recognizing Heart Problems In Men Before They Become Serious

By: | Tags: , | Comments: 0 | June 28th, 2018

Man with heart pain

 

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for men in the US, killing 1 in 4 males each
year, according to the CDC (Center for Disease Control). The CDC also reports that half
of the men who die due to coronary heart disease showed no previous symptoms. This
means men with no symptoms may still be at risk for heart disease. Between 70% and
89% of cardiac events that happen suddenly occur in men.

What Is Heart Disease in Men?

Heart disease is a broad term for heart-related diseases that includes:
● heart failure
● arrhythmias
● coronary artery disease
● angina
● heart-related infections
● heart-related irregularities
● heart birth defects

The term “heart disease” is often used in place of the term “cardiovascular disease”.
Cardiovascular disease describes more specific conditions that involve blood vessels
that are narrowed or blocked that can cause a heart attack, angina (chest pain), or
stroke. Other heart conditions fall under the category of heart disease, such as medical
conditions affecting the heart’s muscle, valves, or rhythm.

Heart Disease Risk Factors

There are a number of risk factors related to heart disease:
● Lack of physical activity
● Being overweight or obese
● Smoking
● High cholesterol
● Excessive alcohol drinking
● Diet high in saturated fat
● High blood pressure (hypertension)
● Diabetes

Early Signs of Heart Disease

Unfortunately, for many men the first sign of heart disease is often a heart attack or
stroke. Be on the lookout for signs that help you recognize heart problems before they
become serious. In the early stages of heart disease, symptoms may come and go.

Heart arrhythmia early signs include:

● Shortness of breath after moderate exertion, such as walking up stairs
● Chest discomfort or chest squeezing lasting a half hour to several hours
● Pain with no known cause in your upper body, neck, or jaw
● Your heart beats slower, faster, or more irregular than usual
● You get dizzy or feel faint

Heart disease that affects your blood vessels can cause:
● Chest pain (angina)
● Extreme fatigue
● Irregular heartbeat
● Shortness of breath
● Pain, tingling, swelling, coldness, numbness, or weakness in your arms and/or
legs

These signs may signal that you have narrowing blood vessels. Plaque buildup can
cause this type of narrowing. Narrowed blood vessels can make it harder for your heart
to pump blood throughout your body.

Heart disease from infection signs include:
● Dry cough
● Fever
● Skin rashes
● Weakness
● Fatigue

Treatment for Heart Disease

Medicines from your doctor help treat heart disease, such as:
● Antiplatelet drugs, such as aspirin, to prevent blood clots
● Anticoagulants to thin the blood and stop it from clotting
● Digitalis to boost the heart’s pumping function or to slow fast heart rhythms
● Beta blockers to slow the heart and control high blood pressure, relieve chest
pain, and to prevent repeat attacks
● Nitrates (nitroglycerin) to relax blood vessels and stop chest pain
You’ll also need to make lifestyle changes to avoid or control heart disease and to
reduce the risk of first (or more) heart attacks.

How to Avoid Heart Disease

Certain types of heart disease, such as heart defects you’re born with, can’t be
prevented. Many other types of heart disease can be prevented by making lifestyle
changes, such as:
● Stop smoking
● Control any health conditions you have ( i.e. hypertension, high cholesterol and
diabetes)
● Exercise 30 minutes a day, 3-4 times a week
● A diet low in salt and saturated fat
● Maintain a healthy weight
● Reduce and manage stress
● Practice good hygiene

Contact our cardiology doctors at 718-325-9532 or schedule an appointment today
using the form on this page. Our Bronx cardiologists are available 6 days a week and
accept most insurances.

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